Periodontics deals with the treatment of deseases affecting the tessues that support the teeth (gums, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament). The presence of bacterial plaque and tartar deposits cause, in susceptible people, a chronic inflammation of these tissues (pyorrhea). The first clinical sign of the desease is often represented by bleeding gums. Tooth mobility usually appears in a significant improvement of the patology. Periodontitis, if not treated, proceeds in depth resulting in a destruction of the bone sorrounding the roots of teeth and causing the formation of so-called “periodontal pockets”. The measurement of periodontal pockets with a probe is useful in determining the severity of the disease. Periodontitis, as shown in recent studies, seems to be correlated with some systemic diseases such as heart attack, diabetes and premature birth.
Treatment of periodontal desease consists in a careful professional disposal of local inflammatory factors (plaque and tartar), in the home maintenance through a thorough oral hygiene, in the subsequent correction of the gum and bone lesions that the disease caused. Finally the patient will be placed in a program of supportive therapy with regular and personalized controls of professional hygiene.